Christmas time is here again, and this is arguably the busiest season for toy makers. As most parents and grandparents know, some of the hottest toys of the season are also the ones that make the most noise. And every year, with the commencement of the Christmas shopping season, the Sight and Hearing Association releases a list of the most dangerously loud toys available.
The Loudest Toys of the Year
The toy that gets this year’s dubious honor as the loudest is the Disney Cars 2 Shake ‘n Go! Racer, Finn Missile made by Fisher-Price, Inc. This toy puts out 124 decibels of sound when held close to the ear and 99.5 decibels of sound when held 10 inches away from the ear. Other toys on the list are the Sesame Street Let’s Rock Elmo Guitar made by Hasbro, the Tonka Toughest Minis Fire and Police vehicles by Funrise Toy Corp., and the Dora Tunes Microphone by Fisher-Price, Inc. The entire list is now available for download.
Giving Perspective to the Numbers
To most people, 124 decibels is just a number. But the Finn Missile Racer, when held close to the ear, is as loud as most rock-and-roll concerts. When held 10 inches away from the ear, the same toy is still as loud as a motorcycle. Both levels of sound are dangerous to human hearing. Prolonged exposure to noise levels of 85 decibels and higher can result in permanent hearing loss. At 120 decibels, damage can happen after less than 10 seconds of exposure. At 100 decibels, it only takes 15 minutes of exposure for damage to occur.
Why the Current Standard Doesn’t Work
As of 2009, toy manufacturers were required to follow sound level guidelines for all toys. The American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) (ASTM F963-08) states the sound-pressure level produced by all toys except close-to-the-ear toys shall not exceed 85 decibels when held 50 centimeters (roughly 18 inches) from the surface of the toy.
However, most kids play with their toys by holding them or sitting right next to them, not from a distance of 18 inches. For the past 14 years, the Sight and Hearing Association has tested toys at distances simulating how a child might hold the toy – directly near the ear (0 inches) and at arm’s length (10 inches). A sound-proof acoustic chamber is used to ensure accurate measurements.
How to Protect Your Child’s Hearing
The most important thing a parent or grandparent can do to protect a child’s hearing is to listen to the toy themselves before they buy it. If it sounds too loud in the store and through the packaging, it is too loud for a child. You can put masking tape or packing tape over the speaker of loud toys to restrict their sound output. Limiting the time a child can play with a loud toy is also advisable. For older children, find sound-limiting ear buds or headphones to use with portable music players or hand-held game consoles. Some of these devices have parental controls that allow you to control the maximum loudness that they will generate.
Good hearing is a precious and integral part of how children and people of all ages interact with the world around us. Hearing protection a relatively simple matter, especially when compared to the process of treating hearing loss. When it comes to your hearing, a good adage to live by is, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”